Use Of Reported Speech Or Indirect Speech In Spanish

On this Spanish grammar lesson, we’re going to cowl utilizing Reported Speech Or Indirect Speech In Spanish. Indirect Speech is an important and essential technique to say what one different particular person talked about. With that in ideas, we will use the third particular person. Let’s study an occasion:

“No tengo tiempo para descansar.” (I have never received time to leisure.) (Direct Speech)

Él dice que no tiene tiempo para descansar. (He says he wouldn’t have time to leisure.) (Indirect Speech)

As you probably can see, we have got to change the verb to third particular person. Moreover we should at all times change the Indirect Object if there’s one inside the phrase: Me gusta el rock/ Dice que le gusta el rock. (I like rock / He says he likes the rock.).

Posesives: Mi casa tiene cuatro ventanas/Ella dice que su casa tiene 4 ventanas. (My house has four house home windows / She says her house has 4 house home windows.)

And the pronouns inside the reflexive verbs: Siempre me afeito por la mañana/Dice que siempre se afeita por la mañana. ( I always shave inside the morning / He says he always shaves inside the morning.)

With a question we have got to utilize: Pregunta or Pregunta si. ¿Qué música escuchas? /Pregunta que Qué tipo de música escuchas. (What music do you are taking heed to? / She asks what kind of music do you are taking heed to.)

¿Comes sushi?/Ella me pregunta si como sushi. (Do you eat sushi? / She requested me if I eat sushi.)

Once we’ve received the principal verb (Dice que…) inside the present tense or Earlier Glorious (Ha dicho que…) we wouldn’t have to change the tense of the distinctive verb that makes use of the person inside the Direct Speech, apart from the Essential by Subjective Present.

Haz tu tarea (Do your homework.)

Dice que hagas tu tarea. (He tells you to do your homework.)

Nonetheless we have got to do it when the principal verb is in Earlier Tense (Imperfecto or Indefinido).

Dijo que…(He/She talked about that…)

Decía que…(He/She talked about that…)

Contó que…(He/She instructed that…)

Comentó que….(He/She commented that…)

Preguntó si….(He/She requested if…)

Lets try how the tenses change.

Present = Imperfect

Tengo frío/Juan comentó que tenía frío. (I am chilly / John talked about he was chilly.)

Imperfect = Imperfect

De chica me gustaba comer dulces/Ella contó que de chica le gustaba comer dulces. (As a child I favored to eat sweets / The women talked about she favored to eat candy as a child.)

Indefinite = Pluperfect

Fui al cine solo/ Ella dijo que había ido al cine sola. (I went to the movies alone / She talked about she had gone to the movies alone.)

Glorious = Pluperfect

Nunca he estado en Disney World/ El niño comentó que nunca había estado en Disney. (I’ve not at all been to Disney World / The boy talked about he had not at all been to Disney World.)

Pluperfect = Pluperfect

Cuando llegué Rosa ya había cenado/ Dijo que cuando había llegado Rosa ya había cenado. (When Rosa arrived I had already ate dinner / He talked about that when Rosa arrived he had already eaten dinner.)

Future = Conditional

Iremos al campo este fin de semana / Contó que irían al campo este fin de semana. (We’ll go to nation this weekend / He talked about he would go to the nation this weekend.)

Conditional = Conditional

Me gustaría comer rabas/Dijo que le gustaría comer rabas. (want to eat squid rings / He talked about he want to eat squid rings.)

Essential = Subjunctive Imperfect

¡No comas eso!/ Me ordenó que no comiera eso. (Do not eat that! / He ordered me to not eat it.)

Subjunctive Present = Subjunctive Imperfect

No quiero que mis padres se enojen/ Él dijo que no quería que sus padres se enojaran. (I don’t want my mom and father to get offended / He talked about he didn’t want his mom and father to get offended.)

Subjunctive Imperfect = Subjunctive Imperfect

Me molestaba que mi ex novio fumara en la cama/ Dijo que le molestaba que su ex novio fumara en la cama. (It bothered me that my ex smoked in mattress / She talked about it bothered her that her ex-boyfriend smoked in mattress.)

Subjunctive Glorious = Subjunctive Pluperfect

No creo que haya llovido anoche/ Juan dijo que no creía que hubiera llovido anoche. (I don’t assume it rained last night time time / John talked about he did not assume it had rained last night time time)

Subjunctive Pluperfect = Subjunctive Pluperfect

No había nada que hubiera podido hacer/ Dijo que no había nada que hubiera podido hacer. (There was nothing I’ll have completed /He talked about that there was nothing he might have completed.)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.